POLICIES March 31, 2015

Meeting Digest: 1st APCOM South Asia Strategic Information Advisors Meeting

The attendees of the upcoming meeting will discuss and provide guidance to the ongoing research studies that are currently being undertaken by MSA programme.

On 7 February 2015, APCOM hosted the inaugural APCOM South Asia Strategic Information Advisors (ASASIA) meeting. The advisory group consists of a group of regional experts with experience in policy, research, program development and organisational management. Also in attendance were key members form APCOM Management and UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub.The role of ASASIA is to function as a peer review …

POLICIES December 21, 2014

MSM Country Snapshot Series: The Philippines

There is growing concern of an emerging epidemic among Filipino MSM. Sexual transmission between males has been the predominant mode of transmission since 2007.

The Philippines has among the lowest rates of HIV transmissionin the region, with an estimated total of just over 10,514 infections between 1984 and August 2012. Its HIVepidemic is increasingly concentrated among men who havesex with men and other key affected populations, with tremendousvariation across subpopulations and location. Some attribute the relatively slow spread of HIV in thePhilippines to its …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Myanmar

Myanmar Gay Education and Maung Doe Yuar are examples of intelligent uses of online social networking for low-cost outreach to harder-to-reach men who have sex with men in larger cities like Yangon and Mandalay.

Myanmar’s HIV epidemic is highly concentrated among people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and the sexual clients of these populations. People who inject drugs exhibited the highest HIV prevalence (21.9 percent) in the most recent serosurveillance, meanwhile MSM exhibited the second highest (7.8percent). There is growing concern of a large-scale HIVepidemic among MSM amidst …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Cambodia

Cambodia’s National Strategic Plan III for a Comprehensive & Multi-Sectoral Response to HIV and AIDS 2011-2015 includes a clear HIV prevention strategy targeted to men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people.

Sex between men continues to represent an important driver of Cambodia’s HIV epidemic. Recent HIV surveillance performed in Phnom Penh and two rural provinces indicatea disproportionately high risk faced by MSM in urbancentres. While, officially, sex between men accounts for anestimated 0.5 percent of cumulative reported infections, thetrue value is expected to be higher since sex between menmay be inadvertently …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Thailand

The rapid spread of HIV among MSM during 2003-2007 was gradually matched by an increase in attention from national and international stakeholders, including in Thailand’s National HIV Plan beginning in 2007.

Despite Thailand’s numerous innovations in the global AIDS response, men who have sex with men have been virtually absent in national strategic plans until 2007. Once MSM entered routine national surveillance, evidence for a rapidly growing HIV epidemic among MSM became available. HIV prevalence among MSM in Bangkok was estimated to be 17.3 percent in 2003, 28.3 percent in 2005, …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Malaysia

Malaysia is included in a multi-country Global Fund Round 10 (2011-2013) proposal known as ISEAN-Hivos that seeks to initiate several HIV prevention activities targeted to MSM in Malaysia.

The composition of Malaysia’s HIV epidemic is changing rapidly. Whereas it was previously understood to be more heavily concentrated among people who use drugs(PWUD), sexual transmission appears to be on the rise.Women and MSM in particular are facing an increasing share of new infections. Given the emphasis that PWUD have received in research and prevention programmes in Malaysia over the …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Viet Nam

In 2002, Viet Nam’s state-run media declared homosexuality a ‘social evil’ equally as harmful as drug use

Men who have sex with men in Viet Nam are at disproportionately high risk of HIV transmission. Research suggests that this is due in large part to multiple sexual partners, low condom use and low perceptions of risk. Not all MSM are at equal risk, however. HIV prevalence among MSM was found to be significantly higher in cities than in …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Indonesia

Given that an estimated 0.7 percent of total international and domestic HIV prevention resources were targeted to MSM in 2010, there is a clear need for mobilizing and allocating greater resources to fund priority interventions.

Indonesia’s HIV epidemic is understood to be among the fastest growing in the region. The epidemic is concentrated among men who have sex with men, male and female sex workers, and people who inject drugs (PWID). Among these four risk groups, MSM are found to have the lowest HIV prevalence (8.5 percent) and PWID the highest (52.2 percent). There is …

POLICIES December 21, 2012

MSM Country Snapshot Series: Pakistan

Pakistan has emphasized key affected populations, including hijras and male sex workers, since its 1999-2000 national

Pakistan’s HIV epidemic is driven by key affected populations. In 1999, Pakistan, in partnership with UNAIDS, determined that it would prevent a generalized epidemicy targeting key vulnerable groups. Subsequent surveillance activities revealed disproportionate HIV risk among injecting drug users and hijra and male sex workers, who exhibit HIV prevalence of 37.8, 7.2 and 3.1 percent, respectively. Targeted HIV prevention interventions …